Understanding mesothelioma meaning
Mesothelioma is a cancer that forms on the membrane covering several organs of the body. Generally found in the pleura (lungs), peritoneum (stomach), and heart. Mesothelioma is an aggressive type of cancer, although it is rarely found.
Exposure to asbestos dust is often associated with this type of cancer. Asbestos can be in the form of roof boards, minerals, fibers, and various processed asbestos can cause dust which can then be inhaled by humans with air. This happens a lot in the industrial environment, construction, and carpentry.
Cause of mesothelioma
Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos or better known as asbestos. Asbestos fibers can enter the membrane covering the organ, causing inflammation, and eventually form cancer.
Other risk factors are exposure to viruses (SV 40), radiation (thorium dioxide), and certain types of chemicals (erionite, chemicals in paint, etc.).
Diagnosis of mesothelioma
To determine the diagnosis of mesothelioma, the doctor will be conducted a series of medical interviews or history taking and physical examination. Possible follow-up checks:
- Imaging – such as X-rays, CT-Scan, MRI, PET Scan.
- Blood tests to examine biomarkers of mesothelin.
3. Biopsy, which is sampling tissue / body fluids to be examined under a microscope, to recognize the presence of malignant cells or not.